Verbal, physical or psychological abuse on newcomers to educational institutions. It is similar to the hazing or bulling often leading to students committing suicide, giving up their education or inflicting psychological damage. It is a legal offence, and social abomination and a public health hazard.
Physical, verbal, emotional, sexual intimidation used by person with real or perceived power and authority to obtain compliance from others on and off campus. It occurs between and among all segments of the university community, staff and students.
Sexual and gender–based violence refers to acts that inflict physical, mental, or sexual harm or suffering, threats of such acts, coercion and other deprivations of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life based on one’s gender and /or sexuality. It includes sexuality. It includes sexual harassment, domestic violence (DM) and intimate partner violence (IPV) amongst other practices (based on the UN Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women, 1993).